当前位置: 首页  机考题库  期末样题
期末样题  

 

 
根据学校教务处的要求,本学期《大学英语》实行机考,为保证本次考试改革的顺利实施,特制定方案如下:
 

一、课程基本信息                    

《大学英语》为2011级本科非英语专业学生的必修课程,它的主要任务是通过课堂教学的各个环节,运用各种教学方法,培养学生英语综合应用能力,经过96个学时的学习,要求艺术类学生基本达到大学英语1级水平,非艺术类学生达到2级水平,授予6个学分。
 
二、考核要求                  
考试形式:闭卷,时间:120分钟,按100分计成绩。                                           
 
三、考试命题方案
命题形式:试题库命题,外国语学院按照教务处提供的模板进行试题库建设,题库中包含听力、阅读理解、完形填空、翻译、简短回答、写作六种题型,各题型涵盖从易到难不同难易程度的试题,以便对不同层次的学生(艺术类和非艺术类)生成难易合理的试卷进行测试。本次考试试题类型及对应难度要求:
 
             
听力
阅读
完型
简答
翻译
写作
艺术类
10题(中或较易)
2篇易,1篇较难
1篇易
1篇易
2段易
1篇易
非艺术类
10题(不限难度)
1篇易,2篇较难,
1篇(不限难度)
1篇(不限难度)
1段易,1段中
1篇(易或较易)
 
艺术类学生试题难度基本达到1级要求;非艺术类学生的试题难度达到2级要求。此项操作由机考技术人员负责完成。
 

四、试卷题型设置:

1、听力占10%            (10个题)

录音材料播放一遍。主要测试考生听懂并理解日常对话中包含的特定或具体信息的能力,以及在不同情景下选择正确交际语言的能力及考生获取特定信息、理解主旨、推断说话者意图、观点的能力。

2、阅读理解占30%(3篇)

 测试学生对文章整体把握及长难句的理解能力。

3、完形填空占10%(1篇)

测试学生语法及词汇掌握情况。

4、英译汉占30%(2段)

要求考生从做到译文意思通顺,前后连贯,结构完整。

5、简答题占10%(1篇)

   考察学生英语语言综合运用能力。

6、写作占10%(1篇)

考查考生的书面表达能力,以及对社会重大事件的关注程度、敏感性和分析、评论的能力。要求考生根据所规定的情景或给定的题目,在30分钟内完成100词左右的作文。要求观点正确,内容详实,言之有物,有说服力。语言通顺,句式有变化,错误少。
 

五、学业成绩形成方案

学业成绩由主卷(机考)成绩和平时成绩两部分构成,平时(档案袋材料)成绩占30%,主卷成绩占70%。
 

六、职责分工

        外国语学院负责根据教务处提供的模板做好试题库命题工作;机考所需硬件设施如电脑配置、服务器功率、耳机等由学校相关部门负责;机考过程中可能出现的因电脑死机或耳机故障等原因导致学生要求重考的应急预案由教务处负责;考试过程中的考纪问题由监考人员负责。教务处负责利用机考软件,根据方案要求控制不同层次学生试题难度。
 

七、部门审核意见

 
机考样题及评分标准
 
临沂大学2012—2013学年第一学期
《大学英语1》样题(A卷)
(适用于2012级本科学生,闭卷考试,时间:120分钟)

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 points)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 20 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, one question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D) and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. (20 points)
1.
A) He was crazy about making speeches.
B) He felt shy to speak in public.
C) He was embarrassed because his speech was unsuccessful.
D) He was scared because of embarrassment.
2.
A) A hotel with playgrounds to do morning exercises.
B) A hotel with king-sized rooms.
C) A hotel where she can does her work.
D) A hotel equipped with exercise facilities.
3.
A) She prefers casual clothes to formal suit.
B) She usually wears expensive formal clothes.
C) It is made by famous fashion designers.
D) She looks beautiful no matter whether she wears designer clothes or not.
4. 
A) At an airport.
B) At student registration place.
C) In a department store.
D) In a restaurant.
5.
A) The man liked the woman because she loved social activities.
B) The man made a mistake about the idea that the woman had some free time.
C) The woman had a different time schedule with the man.
D) The woman misunderstood the meaning of volunteer activities.
6.
A) A sweater and some shampoo.
B) Mineral water and socks.
C) Batteries and banana.
D) MP3 player and glue stick.
7.
A) Richard won’t be on time.
B) He hopes Richard won’t come.
C) Richard will be punctual.
D) Richard can’t come.
8.
A) Attending the party.
B) Preparing for the food.
C) Studying for an exam.
D) Getting over an illness.
9.
A) The old lady sitting next to the couple likes toys very much.
B) An old lady took the couple’s suitcase for her own.
C) The couple’s suitcase was stolen in the restaurant.
D) The man forgot to put the toys in their suitcase.
10.
A) The tools the man borrowed from the woman are missing.
B) The tools had been already returned to the woman.
C) The man hasn’t finished working on the bookshelf.
D) The man hates to lend his tools to other people.
11.
A) They should wait to see the movie at a later time.
B) The cinema is some distance away from where they are.
C) He would like to read the film review in the newspaper.
D) He’ll find his way to the cinema.
12.
A) He lived in Seattle for many years.
B) He has chaired a lot of conferences.
C) He has a high position in his company.
D) He’s been to Seattle many times.
13.
A) She’ll finish her report this weekend.
B) She wants to add something to her lecture.
C) She knows the guy who will give the lecture.
D) She thinks the lecture might be informative.
14.
A) The man is unwilling to take a look at the house for sale.
B) The houses for sale are of poor quality.
C) The houses are too expensive for the couple to buy.
D) The housing developers provide free trips for potential buyers.
15.
A) The 2:00 train will arrive earlier.
B) The 2:30 train has a dining car.
C) The woman prefers to take the 2:30 train.
D) They are going to have some fast food on the train.
16.
A) She has been longing to attend Harvard University.
B) She’ll consider the man’s suggestion carefully.
C) She has finished her project with Dr. Garcia’s help.
D) She’ll consult Dr. Garcia about entering graduate school.
17.
A) Alice didn’t seem to be nervous during her speech.
B) Alice needs more training in making public speeches.
C) The man can hardly understand Alice’s presentation.
D) The man didn’t think highly of Alice’s presentation.
18.
A) To the dentist’s.
B) To the market.
C) To the post office.
D) To the bookstore.
19.
A) To find out more about the topic for the seminar.
B) To make a copy of the schedule for his friend.
C) To get the seminar schedule for the woman.
D) To pick up the woman from the library.
20. 
A) The man doesn’t want to sell his textbooks to the woman.
B) The woman has to get the textbooks in other ways.
C) The woman has sold her used textbooks to the bookstore.
D) The man is going to buy his textbooks to the bookstore.

 

Part II Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension

Section A Vocabulary and Structure (5 points)

Directions: There are 10 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

21.
With long working hours, David decided to _____his resignation(辞呈) even though the pay is good.
 
A) hand in
B) hand out
C) hand over
D) hand on
22.
We will meet at nine tomorrow morning at the school gate. Be _____, or the school bus will leave without those who are late.
 
A) quick
B) sure
C) punctual
D) careful
23.
I’m going to do all I can to ______ the unpleasant impressions you have of me.
 
A) remove
B) move
C) get
D) leave
24.
The army has remained ______ to the government.
 
A) elegant
B) contributed
C) clever
D) loyal
25.
His friend was injured in an airplane _____.
 
A) break
B) crash
C) fail
D) falling
26.
The football match had to be _________owing to the bad weather.
 
A) cancelled
B) advanced
C) arranged
D) held
27.
The starter (赛跑发令员) gave the _________ for the race to begin.
 
A) advice
B) signal
C) glow
D) attention
28.
The meat is not ready _____ and it _____ has to be cooled for another five minutes.
 
A) still… yet
B) yet… already
C) yet… still
D) already …. still
29.
Can you do your work better with ______ money and ______ people?
 
A) less…fewer
B) little… fewer
C) less… less
D) few… less
30.
The twins are so much ______ that it is difficult to tell one from the other.
 
A) similar
B) like
C) same
D) alike

Section B Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (10 points)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the Questions.

For questions 31-37, mark

A (for Yes) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;

B (for No) if the statement contracts the information given in the passage;

C (for Not Given) if the information is not given in the passage;

For Question 38-40, choose the best choice according to the information given in the passage.

Is Smoking a Major Cause of Lung Cancer in Women?

Many people think that lung cancer affects mostly men. But even though we hear more about breast cancer, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. And nearly all lung cancer deaths in women are due to smoking. Quitting smoking now is one important change you can make to improve your lung and overall health and live longer. Former smokers have a lower risk for lung cancer than do current smokers. In one to nine months after quitting smoking, your lungs will function better. And after 10 years, your risk of lung cancer is nearly the same as someone who never smoke.

Should Women Who Smoke Be Concerned about Heart Disease?

Yes. More women die each year from heart disease than from any other illness. Smoking is the major cause of heart disease in women, especially those younger than age 50. Women who use birth control pills have a much higher risk of heart disease if they smoke. But after just one year of quitting smoking, you reduce your risk of heart disease by half.

Why Do Women and Girls Smoke?

Women and girls smoke for different reasons. Some women smoke to deal with stress or control weight. Younger women and girls may start smoking as a way of rebelling, being independent, or fitting in with their peers. Tobacco companies use research on how women and girls about themselves to influence women and girls to smoke. But there is never a good reason to smoke, and it’s best to never start. There are, though, many good reasons to quit smoking. When you quit, your health and quality of life will improve. You also will help safeguard the health of those you live with by not exposing them to the second-hand smoke (the smoke released from a lit cigarette or cigar).

Why Should I Quit Smoking?

When you quit:

Your chance of getting sick from smoking will be less.

You will have more energy and breathe more easily.

If you are pregnant, your baby will get more oxygen and be healthier.

Your children and other people in your home will be healthier.

Second-hand smoke can cause asthma(哮喘) and other health problems.

You will have more money to spend on other things.

What Are the Dangers of Second-hand Smoke?

Second-hand smoke happens when non-smokers inhale other people’s tobacco smoke. It includes:

Sidestream smoke— smoke that comes directly from a burning cigarette, pipe, or cigar.

Mainstream smoke—smoke that is exhaled by the smoker.

When a cigarette is smoked, about half of the smoke is sidestream smoke. Sidestream smoke contains most of the same chemicals found in the mainstream smoke inhaled by the smoker.

People who don’t smoke, but are exposed to second-hand smoke, absorb nicotine and other chemicals just as someone who smokes does. Studies have shown that second-hand smoke can cause lung cancer in healthy adults who do not smoke. Children of parents who smoke are more likely to suffer from pneumonia, bronchitis, ear infections, asthma, and SIDS( the sudden death of a baby under age one which cannot be explained). Mothers who smoke and breastfeed may pass harmful chemicals from nicotine to their baby through breast milk.

What Have Other Women Done to Quit Smoking?

Almost half of women who smoke have tried to quit during the past year. Many women have to try two or three times before they are able to quit for good. It’s hard work, but don’t give up! Millions of women have been able to quit, and you can too!

Follow these steps to help you to quit for good:

Learn how much you depend on nicotine. Knowing how addicted you are to nicotine can help you decide what kind of help you need. Take the Nicotine Addiction Test.

Get ready to quit by picking a date to stop smoking. Quitting all at once works better than trying to quit a little at a time.

Write down why you want to quit. Keep this list as a handy reminder.

Tell loved ones, friends, and co-workers your quit date. Ask them for their support. Ask them not to smoke around you or leave cigarettes out around you.

Create a fund. Each time you would normally buy a pack of cigarettes, put that saved money in a special place. If you used to smoke one pack per day, after one month, you’ve saved about $150. Set a goal and reward yourself once you reach that goal.

Plan for challenges. Think ahead for how you will deal with situation or triggers that will make you want to smoke.

Get medicine and use it correctly. There are many medicines that can help you quit and reduce your urge to smoke. You and your health care provider can decide what medicine will work best for you. Always first talk with your health care provider before trying any medicines, especially when you are pregnant or if you have heart problems.

Be prepared for relapse. Most people start smoking again within the first three months after quitting. Don’t give up if this happens to you. Many women try to quit several times before quitting for good. Learn from what helped you and what didn’t the last time you tried to quit increasing your chances of success next time. It may help you to keep a craving journal to record when and why you smoke.

Get more help if you need it. Join a quit-smoking program or support group to help you quit. Contact your local hospital, health centre, or health department for quit-smoking programs in your area. Your state may also provide toll-out quit line phone numbers.

Can Medicines Really Help Me Quit?

There are many medicines that can help you quit smoking. So you don’t have to do it alone. At first, you may feel depressed, have trouble sleeping, or just not feel like yourself. This means that your body is going through withdrawal, or getting used to not having nicotine. These symptoms only last a few weeks and medicines can help give you some relief. Most help you quit by giving you small, steady doses pf nicotine. Using them can double your chances of quitting for good. Talk with your health care provider about which of these medicines is right for you.

Nicotine replacement therapy includes nicotine patches, gum, nasal spray, and inhalers. They help lessen your urge to smoke by taking the place of nicotine from cigarettes.

In general, when you quit smoking, use the nicotine as a “substitute” for one to two months, and then gradually cut down the nicotine until you stop that, too. You can buy patches and gum on your own at a drug store. You need a prescription for the inhaler and nasal spray.

Not everyone can use these medicines. If you are pregnant or have heart problems, be sure to talk with your health care provider before using any of them.

31. The passage mainly tells us why and how women should quit smoking.

32. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women.

33. Smoking is the major cause of heart disease in those women younger than age 50.

34. Some women and girls start smoking because they want to make themselves more fashionable and beautiful.

35. When a cigarette is smoked, about one third of the smoke is sidestream smoke.

36. Trying to quit a little at a time works better than quitting all at once.

37. One fourth of people could give up smoking at once after quitting.

38. Quitting smoking now is one important change you can make to improve your lung and _______and live longer.

A) overall health B) mind health C) breast health D) stomach health

39. Studies have shown that ___________ can cause lung cancer in healthy adults who do not smoke.

A) sidestream smoke   B) mainstream smoke C) second-hand smoke         D) quitting smoke

40. If_______, she should talk with her health care provider before using any of the medicines.

A) a woman is pregnant or has heart problems

B) a woman wants to quit smoking sooner

C) a woman wants to help others quit smoking

D) a woman is pregnant and wants to have the baby

Section C Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (20 points)

Directions: There are 2 passages in this Section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.
In the United States, it is not normal to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p. m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it’s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.
In social life, time plays a very important role. In the U. S. A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation (邀请) to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But this is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten.
The meaning of time is different in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from cultures that treat time differently. To be on time is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not on time, they may be regarded as not polite or not fully responsible. In the U. S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour; it would be bad-mannered.   A person who is five minutes late is expected to apologize. If he is less than five minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence.
41.
If you telephone someone early in the day, it means ______.
 
A) you are expected to explain why
B) you are not kind enough
C) you want to show your concern for him
D) you have a very important matter to discuss
42.
The expression “a matter of life and death” means ______.
 
A) an issue of the greatest importance and emergency
B) a very important appointment
C) a matter of whether someone should live or die
D) a strong desire to communicate
43.
In the U. S. A., guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded __________.
 
A) if the invitation to a dinner party is not extended early enough
B) if the invitation to a dinner party is extended too far in advance
C) if the invitation to a dinner party is not extended repeatedly
D) if the invitation to a dinner party is extended to too many people
44.
The word “misunderstanding” can be explained as __________.
 
A) failing to attend a party
B) failing to understand correctly
C) standing in one’s way
D) standing on one’s own two feet
45.
Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
 
A) In the U. S. it’s normal to keep someone waiting for some time.
B) In the U. S. it’s not polite to keep someone waiting for an hour.
C) In the U.S. one is always expected to be on time.
D) In the U.S. one is expected to apologize if he is five minutes late.
 
Passage Two
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
There are thousands of languages in the world. Each language seems to be the most important to those who speak it as native language.
The importance of a language can be judged according to several things. The first is the number of native speakers that a language have. The second is how widely the native speakers are distributed over the world. Next comes the culture, economic and political influence of those who speak it as their mother tongue and who write in it.
There can be no doubt that English is one of the world’s most widely used languages. People use a language in one of the three ways: as a native language, as a second language, or as a foreign language. English is spoken as a native language by nearly three hundred million people: in the United States, Britain, Australia, as second language in India, Singapore and so on. It is one of the few “working” languages of the United Nation and is more frequently used than the others.
46. Which language is the most important one to Chinese?
A) English B) Chinese C) Japanese D) Latin
47.
The following aspects can be used to judge the importance of a language except_______
 
A) number of speakers
B) race
C) economic influence
D) cultural influence

48. Which language is most widely used in the world now?

A) Chinese  B) English C) Indian   D) Japanese

49. Which of the following countries use English as second language?

A) The United States B) Britain C) Australia D) India

50. How many people in the world use English as native language?

A) more than three hundred million B) three hundred million  

C) less than three hundred million  D) four hundred billion

Section D Multiple - Choice Cloze (20 points)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then write down the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 

The people in the village of Gundrung, Nepal, like to look at the photograph of a nameless young man. The __51__ is posted on the wall of the village community center. It __52___ a smiling bearded young man __53__ a backpack, their tourist. The villagers of Gundrung think that he is the best tourist ___54___ ever visited their village.

__55__ made the villagers so happy about this young tourist? One of the villagers said it best, “He brought most of his own food. He worked with the people to fix trails near the village. He was concerned __56__ using wood for fuel. He didn’t even ask __57__ hot water for a shower.” As __58__ as the people of Gundrung are __59__, he was an ideal visitor.

In the 1960s, people first became __60__ of global issues. Many became concerned about global __61__ like peace, cultural diversity, human rights, biodiversity and the __62__. Even tourists started to think about the people and the surroundings in the regions that they __63__. In the past, tourism often had negative results for local communities. “Taking a trip” meant going to museums and __64__ souvenirs. Tourists went to enjoy the beaches and see the sights, __65___ they did not interact __66__ the people there. ___67___, these local people saw the visitors only as a(n) ___68___ of money. The native people did not respect the tourists, and the tourists did not __69___ the native people. In fact, the people of the two groups hardly interacted with oneanother at all—except over ___70___.

 

51.
A) name
B) man
C) picture
D) drawing
52.
A) tells
B) describes
C) looks
D) shows
53
A) with
B) in
C) of
D) over
54.
A) and
B) who
C) has
D) they
55.
A) Who
B) What
C) Why
D) How
56.
A) over
B) of
C)about
D) into
57.
A) for
B) with
C) about
D) of
58.
A) well
B) soon
C) much
D) far
59.
A) cared
B) concerned
C) involved
D) considered
60.
A) aware
B) clear
C) recognizing
D) understanding
61.
A) things
B) matters
C) questions
D) issues
62.
A) world
B) environment
C) society
D) country
63.
A) lived
B) saw
C) visited
D) experienced
64.
A) selling
B) buying
C) making
D) giving
65.
A) but
B) so
C) also
D) or
66.
A) to
B) with
C) among
D) over
67.
A) However
B) Therefore
C) Nevertheless
D) Whatever
68.
A) income
B) origin
C) source
D) resource
69.
A) see
B) ignore
C) enjoy
D) respect
70.
A) time
B) money
C) space
D) land

 

Section E Banked Cloze (10 points)

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please write down the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet Two. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 71 to 80 are based on the following passage.

In numerous studies, happy people share four traits. First, happy people like themselves. On questionnaires designed to 71 -esteem, they agree with such as “I’m a lot of fun to be with” and “I have good ideas.” They also see themselves as more ethical, more intelligent, healthier, and more likeable than other people.

Secondly, happy people feel that they have control over their lives. They feel empowered instead of 73, so they do better in school and work, and deal with stress better. Research in prisons, nursing homes, and totalitarian countries has shown the 74 effects of the lack of personal control. When people don’t have control over their lives, they 75 from depression and poor health. This is also the case when 76  poverty takes away people’s feelings of control in their lives.

The third 77 that happy people share is optimism. People who agreed with the statement, “When I 78 something new, I expect to succeed, ” were 79 more successful, healthier, and happier.

Fourth, 80 have found that happy people are extroverts.

(注意:此部分试题在答题纸上作答)
 
A) depressing
F) inner
K) suffer
B) extreme
G) leading
L) statements
C) factor
H) measure
M) trait
D) generally
I) prompt
N) undertake
E) helpless
J) researchers
O) unrelated
 

Part III Writing(15points)

Directions: Write a short composition of about 120 words onthe topic given below and according to the outline followed.  

How to Become Successful in Your Learning

1. 在学习中取得成功,几乎是每位学生都想达到的目标。

2. 列举几个比较有效的方法: 集中精力,时刻注意学习,记笔记等等。

3. 表明自己应该在今后的学习中怎么做。

 
 
(二)样题评分标准
 
《大学英语1》样题(A卷)答案与评分标准

Part I Listening Comprehension (20 points,2 points for each)

1-5 BDADB  6-10 DCCBA 11-15 BDDAC 16-20 DAACB

Part II Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension

Section A Vocabulary and Structure (5 points, 0.5 points for each)

21-25 ACADB  26-30 ABCAD

Section B Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (10 points, 1 points for each)

31-35 ABACB  36-40 BCACA

Section C Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (20 points, 2 points for each)

41-45DAABA  46-50 BBBDC

Section D Multiple-Choice Cloze (20 points, 1 point for each)

51-55 CCABB 56-60 CADBA  61-65 DBCBA   66-70 BBCDB

Section E Banked Cloze (10 points, 1 points for each)

71-75 H L E A K      76-80B M N D J

Part III Writing (15 points)

评分标准:本题共15分,按5个档次给分。

13-15分:内容切题,包括题中所列三方面的内容;清楚表达其内涵;文字连贯;句式有变化,句子结构和用词正确。文章长度符合要求。

10-12分:内容切题,基本包括题中所列三方面的内容:基本清楚地表达其内涵;句子结构和用词有少量错误。文章长度符合要求。

7-9分:内容基本功题,基本包含题中所列三方面的内容;语句可以理解,但有较多的句子结构和用词错误。文章长度基本符合要求。

4-6分:基本按要求写作,但只有少数句子可理解。

0-3分:文不切题,语句混乱、无法理解。