大学英语词汇测试题一
发布时间: 2012-12-19 浏览次数: 230

 

临沂大学

大学英语词汇测试题一

(闭卷考试   时间:120分钟 满分100分)

主观题(该部分写在答题纸上)

I. Translation

Section A: English to Chinese (0.2×200=40)
1.
abnormal
a.
_____________
35.
acid
a.
_____________
 
2.
absorb
v.
_____________
36.
devise
v.
_____________
 
3.
dash
v.
_____________
37.
dew
n.
_____________
 
4.
awkward
a.
_____________
38.
bough
n.
_____________
 
5.
decay
v.
_____________
39.
dialect
n.
_____________
 
6.
deceit
n.
_____________
40.
diameter
n.
_____________
 
7.
decent
a.
_____________
41.
contain
v.
_____________
 
8.
decorate
v.
_____________
42.
actual
a.
_____________
 
9.
abuse
v.
_____________
43.
digest
v.
_____________
 
10.
burden
n.
_____________
44.
bare
a.
_____________
 
11.
appetite
n.
_____________
45.
dim
a.
_____________
 
12.
courage
n.
_____________
46.
dimension
n.
_____________
 
13.
delicate
a.
_____________
47.
casual
a.
_____________
 
14.
beggar
n.
_____________
48.
disable
v.
_____________
 
15.
cloudy
a.
_____________
49.
disadvantage
n.
_____________
 
16.
demonstrate
v.
_____________
50.
altitude
n.
_____________
 
17.
costly
a.
_____________
51.
discard
v.
_____________
 
18.
depart
v.
_____________
52.
discharge
v.
_____________
 
19.
audience
n.
_____________
53.
cough
v.
_____________
 
20.
deposit
v.
_____________
54.
disguise
v.
_____________
 
21.
depress
v.
_____________
55.
disgust
n.
_____________
 
22.
depth
n.
_____________
56.
cabbage
n.
_____________
 
23.
derive
v.
_____________
57.
dismiss
v.
_____________
 
24.
descend
v.
_____________
58.
disorder
n.
_____________
 
25.
desert
v.
_____________
59.
dispose
v.
_____________
 
26.
deserve
v.
_____________
60.
dispute
v.
_____________
 
27.
desirable
a.
_____________
61.
dissatisfy
v.
_____________
 
28.
canteen
n.
_____________
62.
assistant
n.
_____________
 
29.
desperate
a.
_____________
63.
distinct
a.
_____________
 
30.
await
v.
_____________
64.
betray
v.
_____________
 
31.
destination
n.
_____________
65.
camp
n.
_____________
 
32.
destruction
n.
_____________
66.
distribution
n.
_____________
 
33.
bill
n.
_____________
67.
disturb
v.
_____________
 
34.
accessory
n.
_____________
68.
candle
n.
_____________
 
69.
amplify
v.
_____________
113.
efficiency
n. _____________
_____________
 
70.
diverse
a.
_____________
114.
brittle
a. _____________
_____________
 
71.
bless
v.
_____________
115.
elaborate
a. _____________
_____________
 
72.
divorce
n.
_____________
116.
elastic
n. _____________
_____________
 
73.
dock
n.
_____________
117.
elbow
n. _____________
_____________
 
74.
document
n.
_____________
118.
critical
a. _____________
_____________
 
75.
domestic
a.
_____________
119.
electricity
n. _____________
_____________
 
76.
dose
n.
_____________
120.
electron
n. _____________
_____________
 
77.
aid
n.
_____________
121.
crude
a. _____________
_____________
 
78.
bold
a.
_____________
122.
clumsy
a. _____________
_____________
 
79.
breeze
n.
_____________
123.
elementary
a. _____________
_____________
 
80.
draft
n.
_____________
124.
elevator
n. _____________
_____________
 
81.
confine
v.
_____________
125.
eliminate
v. _____________
_____________
 
82.
additional
a.
_____________
126.
anxiety
n. _____________
_____________
 
83.
drain
v.
_____________
127.
embarrass
v. _____________
_____________
 
84.
ancient
a.
_____________
128.
embrace
v. _____________
_____________
 
85.
bitter
a.
_____________
129.
emerge
v. _____________
_____________
 
86.
dread
n.
_____________
130.
emit
v. _____________
_____________
 
87.
drift
v.
_____________
131.
beast
n. _____________
_____________
 
88.
consequence
n.
_____________
132.
emphasize
v. _____________
_____________
 
89.
bind
v.
_____________
133.
contribute
v. _____________
_____________
 
90.
drought
n.
_____________
134.
employer
n. _____________
_____________
 
91.
anticipate
v.
_____________
135.
boil
v. _____________
_____________
 
92.
drum,
n.
_____________
136.
encounter
v. _____________
_____________
 
93.
classical
a.
_____________
137.
endure
v. _____________
_____________
 
94.
concert
n.
_____________
138.
enforce
v. _____________
_____________
 
95.
due
a.
_____________
139.
engage
v. _____________
_____________
 
96.
dumb
a.
_____________
140.
enormous
a. _____________
_____________
 
97.
aggressive
a.
_____________
141.
ensure
v. _____________
_____________
 
98.
durable
a.
_____________
142.
entertain
v. _____________
_____________
 
99.
curious
a.
_____________
143.
enthusiastic
a. _____________
_____________
 
100.
dust
n.
_____________
144.
entitle
v. _____________
_____________
 
101.
dwelling
n.
_____________
145.
claim
n. _____________
_____________
 
102.
dye
v.
_____________
146.
approval
n. _____________
_____________
 
103.
dynamic
a.
_____________
147.
advisable
a. _____________
_____________
 
104.
earnest
a.
_____________
148.
cigarette
n. _____________
_____________
 
105.
ease
n.
_____________
149.
erect
v. _____________
_____________
 
106.
echo
n.
_____________
150.
estimate
v. _____________
_____________
 
107.
economic
a.
_____________
151.
evaporate
v. _____________
_____________
 
108.
economical
a.
_____________
152.
competition
n. _____________
_____________
 
109.
compare
v.
_____________
153.
exaggerate
v. _____________
_____________
 
110.
edition
n.
_____________
154.
exceed
v. _____________
_____________
 
111.
conflict
n.
_____________
155.
convenient
a. _____________
_____________
 
112.
effective
a.
_____________
156.
excess
n. _____________
_____________
 
157.
exclaim
v.
_____________
179.
fence
n. _____________
_____________
 
158.
channel
n.
_____________
180.
border
n. _____________
_____________
 
159.
execute
v.
_____________
181.
fetch
v. _____________
_____________
 
160.
exert
v.
_____________
182.
civilization
n. _____________
_____________
 
161.
breathe
v.
_____________
183.
fiction
n. _____________
 
162.
exploit
v.
_____________
184.
complain
v. _____________
 
163.
extensive
a.
_____________
185.
beneath
prep.___________
 
164.
chief
a.
_____________
186.
ceremony
n. _____________
 
165.
cooperate
v.
_____________
187.
flour
n. _____________
 
166.
beneficial
a.
_____________
188.
flourish
v. _____________
 
167.
faint
a.
_____________
189.
cope
v. _____________
 
168.
false
a.
_____________
190.
formal
a. _____________
 
169.
famine
n.
_____________
191.
formula
n. _____________
 
170.
fare
n.
_____________
192.
fortnight
n. _____________
 
171.
farewell
n.
_____________
193.
fountain
n. _____________
 
172.
fatal
a.
_____________
194.
fraction
n. _____________
 
173.
fatigue
n.
_____________
195.
framework
n. _____________
 
174.
feasible
a.
_____________
196.
current
a. _____________
 
175.
feast
n.
_____________
197.
frontier
n. _____________
 
176.
federal
a.
_____________
198.
frost
n. _____________
 
177.
feeble
a.
_____________
199.
capture
v. _____________
 
178.
feedback
n.
_____________
200. furnace      n. _____________
 
 

 

Section B: Chinese to English. (0.2×100=20)

201.
丢弃;放弃,抛弃
a__________
222.
世纪,百年
c__________
 
202.
能力;能耐,本领
a__________
223.
人们,家属,亲属
f__________
 
203
照相机,摄影机
c__________
224.
利益;恩惠;津贴
b__________
 
204.
挑战,要求,需要
c__________
225.
雾,烟雾,尘雾
f__________
 
205.
懦夫,胆怯者
c__________
226.
聚焦,注视 n. 焦点
f__________
 
206.
履行,满足,完成
f__________
227.
态度,看法;姿势
a__________
 
207.
燃料v. 给…..加燃料
f__________
228.
资本,资金;首都
c__________
 
208.
使惊恐,吓唬
f__________
229.
流行性感冒
f__________
 
209.
接受;同意
a__________
230.
花,花卉,开花
f__________
 
210.
施舍,慈善事业
c__________
231.
作者,作家
a__________
 
211.
坦白的,直率的
f__________
232.
洪水v. 淹没
f__________
 
212.
第四,四分之一
f__________
233.
而且prep.除…之外
b__________
 
213.
男演员;演剧的人
a__________
234.
.基本的,基础的
b__________
 
214.
命运,运气;财产
f__________
235.
生涯,职业,经历
c__________
 
215.
原谅,饶恕,宽恕
f__________
236.
易弯曲的,灵活的
f__________
 
216.
每日的,日报
d__________
237.
肉,肌肉,肉体
f__________
 
217.
农业,农艺;农学
a__________
238.
成年人 a.成年的
a__________
 
218.
性格;特性;角色
c__________
239.
一套房间,单元住宅
f__________
 
219.
禁止,不许,阻止
f__________
240.
必要的,本质的
e__________
 
220.
脚步,脚步声,足迹
f__________
241.
注意,留心;注意力
a__________
 
221.
蠢人,傻子 v.欺骗
f__________
242.
程度,度,学位
d__________
 
243.
罚金
f__________
272.
舒适的,安慰的
c__________
244.
战胜,击败,挫败
d__________
273.
延长,扩大,
e__________
245.
最后的,决定性的
f__________
274.
暴露,揭露,曝光
e__________
246.
影片,胶卷,薄层
f__________
275.
输出,出口,运走
e__________
247.
扣子;按钮 vt.扣紧
b__________
276.
炸药a.爆炸的
e__________
248.
烹调,煮 烧菜
c__________
277.
探险,探索
e__________
249.
五十,五十个
f__________
278.
底,底部,根基
b__________
250.
关于;在…周围
a__________
279.
避免,躲开;撤消
a__________
251.
发热,发烧,狂热
f__________
280.
期待,期望,预期
e__________
252.
节日,音乐节
f__________
281.
平均数 a.平均的
a__________
253.
肥沃的,多产的
f__________
282.
出口,退场v. 退出
e__________
254.
费,酬金,赏金
f__________
283.
展览,陈列,展览会
e__________
255.
羽毛,翎毛,羽状物
f__________
284.
使筋疲力尽,用尽
e__________
256.
早饭,早餐
b__________
285.
现金,现款
c__________
257.
忠诚的,如实的
f__________
286.
原谅,免除n. 借口
e__________
258.
名声,名望
f__________
287.
把…..排除在外
e__________
259.
血,血液;血统
b__________
288.
原因,理由;事业
c__________
260.
流行的,时髦的
f__________
289.
使进化,使发展
e__________
261.
扎牢,扣住
f__________
290.
动物,兽 a.动物的
a__________
262.
命运,天数
f__________
291.
战役;斗争 vi.作战
b__________
263.
定期集市,博览会
f__________
292.
妒忌,羡慕
e__________
264.
才能,能力,系,科
f__________
293.
渴望的,热切的
e__________
265.
顾客,主顾
c__________
294.
不喜爱,讨厌
d__________
266.
选择,抉择
c__________
295.
使泄气,使灰心
d__________
267.
视力,目力
e__________
296.
词典,字典
d__________
268.
极度的,尽头的
e__________
297.
依靠的,依赖的
d__________
269.
勇敢的,华丽的
b__________
298.
黎明,开端v.破晓
d__________
270.
额外的 ad.特别地
e__________
299.
聋的,不愿听的
d__________
271.
外部的,外面的
e__________
300.
机场,航空站
a__________

 

客观题(该部分填涂在答题卡上)

II. Choose the best answer from the four choices (0.5×20=10)
1.      I’m ______ waiting for her to telephone.
A. fed up with     B. fed up        C. fed on          D. fed with
2.  She was so _______ in her job that she didn’t hear anybody knocking at the door.
A. attracted       B. absorbed      C. drawn     D. concentrated
3. I wish you would give me a more detailed _______ of you trip.
A. account        B. advance       C. accuse     D. count
4. His new appointment takes _____ from the beginning of next month.
A. place           B. effect          C. post              D. office
5.  The film retains much of the book’s exotic _______.
  A. favour           B. favourites        C. fever                D. flavour
6. Spelling reform helped to enhance the _______ and effectiveness of reading.
 A. efficiency       B. election      C. education        D. edition
7. The pursuit of leisure on the part of the employees will certainly not _____ their prospect of promotion.
 A. spur           B. further         C. induce         D. reinforce
8. Mary has never been _______ a ship.
A. abroad         B. aboard          C. above         D. absorb
9. He always leaves _______ for all the words he does not know in his translation.
A. blankets        B. blind           C. black         D. blanks
10.  There is a great deal of ______ between the management and the work force.
    A. friction          B. fright         C. flour         D. fringe
11.  She likes the _______ flower instead of the natural one.
A. article           B. adventure       C. ancient       D.artificial
12. Rock music usually _______ the young people in most countries.
A. applies to     B. appeals to          C. amazes       D. actress
13.  The raiders ______ themselves as security guards.
A. disguise         B. dislike         C. dip          D. dishonest
14.  French ____ from Japanese in grammar.
A. different         B. equal          C. differs        D. far
15.  It has been ____ that over 250 people died in the airplane disaster.
A. estimated        B. established      C. evaluated     D. engaged
16. The newly-built cinema ____ the beauty of the town. 
A. adds to         B. adds up       C. adds up to    D. are added up to
17. Your advice would be ______valuable to him, who is at present at his wit’s end.
  A. exceedingly      B excessively   C. extensively    D. exclusively
18. The young man works very hard, for he knows that all his family _______success of him.
A. expect         B wish       C. hope       D. believe
19. The birds ______ their wings in flight.
A. extended         B extent        C. extant         D. exposed
20. Great Britain and France will hold a _______ regarding some European economic 
problems.
A. conference         B. reference     C. conversion     D. cooperation

 

III. Choose the correct word to complete each sentence. (0.5×20=10)

21. He is now fighting his (A. addition  B. addiction) to computer games.
22. Two lines can form an infinite number of (A. angles  B. angels).
23. The accused man hired a lawyer to (A. defense  B. defend) him.
24. His wife asked him to buy some (A. delicate  B. dedicate) plates.
25. The village had already been (A. abundant B. abandoned) when the enemy arrived. 
26. After graduating from school we can still (A. deprive  B. derive) knowledge from books.
27. They (A. despite  B. despise) cheap clothes and will only wear the best.
28. Her cool manner may be just a (A. devise  B. device) to avoid having to talk to people.
29. A good negotiator knows when to make a (A. compromise B. comprise).
30. The monarch had the power to (A. evolve  B. dissolve) parliament.
31. My sister’s taste in dresses is (A. contradict B. contrary) to my own.
32. The government needs to take more (A. effective  B. efficient) measures to control air pollution.
33. We have an (A. electrical  B. electronic) version of this novel in the computer.
34. The police refused to (A. deliberate  B. elaborate) on the details of the murder in the interview.
35. She is (A. economic B. economical) with her use of salt when cooking.
36. They (A. excluded B. exceed) people under 18 from joining the club.
37. We spent many hours in a pleasant (A. conversion  B. conversation).
38. This advertisement will (A. capture  B. captive) attention of TV audience.
39. They have made (A. amazing  B. amusing) achievements in the past few years.
40. If I had to choose between fish and beef, I’d prefer the (A. formal  B. former).
IV. For each row, choose the word that is the synonym for the bold vocabulary word. (0.5×20=10)
41.
eliminate
A. remove
B. defeat
C. promote
42.
ensure
A. assure
B. insure
C. ensue
43.
crush
A. crust
B. collapse
C. press
44.
eventually
A. finally
B. everlasting
C. evermore
45.
evaluate
A. assess
B. evacuate
C. evaporate
46.
expose
A. explode
B. reveal
C. export
47.
crash
A. crack
B. craft
C. smash
48.
external
A. exterminate
B. outside
C. extra
49.
feasible
A. practical
B. fear
C. feast
50.
careless
A. inattentive
B. careful
C. caress
51.
barrier
A. base
B. obstacle
C. aim
52.
furious
A. angry
B. furnish
C. furniture
53.
attain
A. pursue
B. achieve
C. insist
54.
deceive
A. cheat
B. decent
C. decay
55.
aggressive
A. extreme
B. defensive
C. offensive
56.
appliance
A. device
B. application
C. pracice
57.
diligent
A. digital
B. industrious
C. dignity
58.
conventional
A. customary
B. conservative
C. considerable
59.
despair
A. desperation
B. dispatch
C. despise
60.
clumsy
A. clever
B. brilliant
C. awkward

 

V. Decide whether the following sentences are true or false, choose A for true and B for false. (0.5×20=10)

61. _____Democracy means the system of a government by the whole people of a country.
62. _____ An astronaut is a person who studies or is an expert in astronomy.
63. _____Divorce means the legal beginning of a marriage.
64. _____Dose is the amount of medicine to be taken for a day.
65. _____Disgust refers to the strong dislike for something or somebody that one feels is not right or good.
66. _____Dishonour means gaining honour or respect.
67. _____Drought refers to continuous rainy weather, especially when there is enough water for people’s needs.
68. _____ A ball means a formal gathering for dancing.
69. _____An employee is the person or company tat employs others.
70. _____An emergency refers to the sudden serious event or situation requiring immediate action.
71. _____ A candidate is a person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or honor.
72. _____ A composer is a person who sings songs as a profession.
73. _____ A barber is a person whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beards.
74. _____Crust is the hard outer surface of a loaf of bread.
75. _____An excursion refers to the long journey, especially one made by a group of people together for pleasure.
76. _____ A criminal is a person who has committed or been legally convicted of a crime.
77. _____A cripple is a person who is unable to walk or move properly because of disease or injury to the spine or legs.
78. _____ A captain is the officer in command of a ship, an aircraft, or a spacecraft.
79. _____ Folk refers to members of one’s own family.
80. _____Frontier means the old knowledge about something.